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If there are three or more than three episodes of watery stools, then it is considered as onset of diarrhea. Diarrhea causes dehydration and undernourishment in a child’s body, which if not taken care of, can get worse with time.

Here are a few of the ways to prevent diarrhea:-

Diarrhea is caused by the spreading of germs and unhygienic living conditions. It can be prevented by following certain practices such as:

  • Vaccines: Diarrhea is caused because of rotavirus. Vaccination for Rotavirus and Measles can protect a child from diarrhea.
  • Hygenic living conditions: By maintaining hygienic living condition around the house can prevent the child from being exposed to germs and protect him/her from diarrhea.
  • Safe drinking water: Unsafe drinking water is the main reason for diarrhea; a child should be given safe water for drinking and other use. If you’re not sure about the safety of water, you should boil it, to kill germs.

Even after applying all the prevention methods, some of the children still get affected by diarrhea. Let’s know how to deal with it.

Dr Shekhar Biswas on prevention of diarrhea in children

Here are ways to cure diarrhea: –

If your child is suffering from diarrhea, you should immediately give him ORS and Zinc.

Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS): ORS is made of glucose and salts, which helps to rehydrate the child’s body and increase the level of electrolytes. Dehydration is one of the primary reason for deaths caused by diarrhea. ORS comes in different packaging and it should be made according to the instruction given behind the package. ORS should also be given every time baby stools to maintain the hydration. If your infant is vomiting after taking ORS, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Zinc Tablet: Zinc Tablets contains several forms of zinc, such as Zinc sulphate. Zinc Tablets are available on the counter. Diarrhea leads to weakening of the gut line, which does not let the body absorb nutrition from food, which causes undernourishment in the child’s body. Zinc tablets help to strengthen the gut line, which improves the absorption of nutrition from the food. The Course of these tablets is for 14 days.These tablets should not be given to an infant below two months. ½ tablets should be given to children of 2 to 6months of age and 1 tablet should be given to children above 6 months to 60months. If by mistake, your infant consumes more then one tablet, he would vomit it, and if he does not, you should immediately consult a doctor.

 Often the treatment is delayed, and in that case, the child’s condition gets worse gradually. The parents should look for symptoms and not neglect it. The treatment should be given immediately for better and faster recovery.

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